1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh, once a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, is beheaded in Whitehall, London.
1964 - The union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar becomes law, forming the new state of Tanzania.
1972 - Palestinian terrorists hi-jack a German airliner and demand the release of three Arab terrorists captured during the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games in Munich.
1975 - 20 people are seriously injured in an IRA bomb attack on a restaurant in London's Mayfair district.
1986 - The world's longest bypass, the London Orbital M25, is formally opened by Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher. The motorway took 14 years to construct.
2003 - Iain Duncan Smith is ousted as leader of the Conservative Party in a no-confidence vote.